Can you point to the ‘feed dog’ on a sewing machine? Learn these sewing terms and you’ll be a smarter shopper and sew with more confidence. Viewpoints has defined the most common parts of a sewing machine.
The flat surface of the sewing machine. There are two types of beds: A flat bed, which has a single platform to sew on and a free-arm bed, which allows the user to more easily sew hard to reach places, such as pant cuffs and sleeves.
A spool housed in a compartment below the needle which that provides the lower thread.
Housed in a compartment below the needle, the bobbin case holds the bobbin and provides tension to the lower thread.
Located at the top of the sewing machine, this mechanism used to wind bobbins.
Controls the motion of the fabric.
Located on the right side of the sewing machine, this wheel is driven by the motor to adjust the needle height, but it can also be turned manually.
The entire sewing machine without the carrying case.
Controls delivery of the bottom thread. This tension is provided by the bobbin case.
Located just under the pressure foot, the needle plate allows the feed dog to reach the fabric. It also provides an opening for the needle to move up and down.
Located on the bed, the foot presses down on the fabric to stabilize its movement.
Located on top of the machine, opposite the bobbin winder, this guides the top thread to a certain location.
Arm that reduced slack in thread.
A knob located above the needle which controls delivery of upper thread.